The U.S. Census Bureau is a 10-year census but as you may or may not know, the American Community Survey continues every year--In fact some of the questions have been asked since the first survey was completed in 1790!
Many of us work quite comfortably in the raw data world but if that isn't how you earn your keep there are also tools and instructional resources--and of course--ahem, those of us willing to work with you to reach your goal. First step is to understand the variables and measures. The 2016 ACS provides Subject Definitions for your use.
Maybe you want a just-in-time solution ready right out of the box? Check out the newly launched population analysis interactive below. It is only 10 minutes and I think Dan sounds like Jimmy Kimmel...