Research has shown an association between obesity and increased risk for many cancers. Although additional research is ongoing the relationship between weight loss and cancer risk is limited. Preliminary studies do suggest that weight loss may reduce the risk of certain cancers.
Economics of Obesity
Research to evaluate cost-effective interventions that address obesity are shown in the figure. ACE interventions are mapped to a continuum of key determinants and solutions to the obesity epidemic.
Upstream factors related to economic systems to downstream factors affecting the physiology of individuals highlight three preventive interventions that targeted the obesogenic environment (reduction of advertising of unhealthy food and beverages to children, front-of-pack traffic light nutrition labelling and a 10% tax on unhealthy food and beverages) were all cost-saving. Associated with potentially difficult political support or integration many of these strategies are not likely to be implemented.
This figure represents the link between society based solutions and measures directed at individual behavior and outcomes. The balance of non-pharmacologic intervention and potential pharmacologic solutions are an important highlight of the studies as we strive to manage the risk factors that continue to drive escalating healthcare costs.
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In a world of "evidence-based" medicine I am a bigger fan of practice-based evidence.
Remember the quote by Upton Sinclair...
“It is difficult to get a man to understand something, when his salary depends upon his not understanding it!”